Water Wise Plants for Utah Landscapes

    UPCOMING EVENTS

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    Water Wise Plants for Utah Landscapes

     

    Teresa A. Cerny, Ornamental Horticulture Specialist
    Rick Heflebower, Washington County Horticulture Extension Agent
    Larry Sagers, Thanksgiving Point Regional Horticulture Extension Agent
    Wade Bitner, Salt Lake County Horticulture Extension Agent

    May 2003 | HG-2003-01

    big tooth maple with autumn orange leaves In order to better market the water wise plants available in many
    Utah nurseries and garden centers, and to assist consumers in
    identifying these plants, a program to recognize desirable low water
    use species has been developed.

    Representatives from Utah State University Extension, Utah State University Center for Water Efficient Landscaping, the Utah Nursery and Landscape Association, Utah Division of Water Resources, Utah Botanical Center, Jordan Valley Water Conservancy District, Red Butte
    Gardens, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Salt Lake City Corporation,
    Sandy City, and the Utah Native Plant Society have worked
    together to organize a water wise list of ornamental trees, shrubs,
    herbaceous perennials, ornamental grasses, and ground covers.

    The plants on the list are (1) water conserving, (2) adapted to Utah’s
    arid climate and cold winters, (3) available in the industry, (4) relatively easy to maintain in the landscape and (5) have desirable landscape characteristics which remain desirable under limited water availability.

    The water wise designation suggests that, on average, the plants only need to be watered approximately once every two weeks after establishment and will still retain their aesthetic characteristics. More specific information on cultural requirements such as growth characteristics, USDA hardiness zones, soil preference, etc., can be found at www.waterwiseplants.utah.gov


    DECIDUOUS TREES
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    Acer grandidentatum            Bigtooth Maple                          Crataegus douglasii                Black Hawthorne
    Acer tataricum Tatarian Maple   Fraxinus anomala Single-leaf Ash
    Acer truncatum Shantung Maple   Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo
    Amelenchier species Serviceberr                            Gymnocladus dioicus Kentucky Coffeetree
    Catalpa speciosa Western Catalpa   Koelreuteria paniculata Golden Raintree
    Celtis occidentalis Common Hackberry   Maclura pomifera
    (select cultivars)
    Osage-Orange
    Chilopsis linearis Desert Willow   Parrotia persica Persian Ironwood
    Corylus colurna Turkish Filbert   Platanus x acerifolia London Planetree
    Cotinus obovatus American Smokebush   Syringa reticulata Tree Lilac
    Ptelea trifoliata Hop Tree   Ulmus parvifolia Lacebark/Chinese Elm
    Quercus gambelii Gambel Oak   Zelkova serrata Zelkova
    Quercus macrocarpa Bur Oak      
    Robinia neomexicana New Mexico Locust      
    Sophora japonica Japanese Pagodatree      

    EVERGREEN TREES
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    Abies concolor                      White Fir                                                               Juniperus scopulorum               Rocky Mountain Juniper
    Calocedrus decurrens Incense-cedar   Picea abies Norway Spruce
    Cedrus atlantica glauca Blue Atlas Cedar   Picea pungens Colorado Spruce
    Cedrus libani Cedar of Lebanon   Pinus species Pine species
    Cupressus arizonica Arizona Cypress   Pseudotsuga menziesii Douglas-fir
    Juniperus osteosperma Utah Juniper      

    SHRUBS (Full Sun)
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    Amelanchier species                       Serviceberry                                                Juniperus species                     Juniper
    Amorpha canescens                  Lead plant   Kolkwitzia amabilis Beauty Bush
    Amorpha nana  Dwarf Lead Plant                                    Mahonia fremontii Utah Holly
    Artemisia species Sagebrush   Peraphyllum ramosissimum Squaw Apple
    Atriplex confertifolia  Shadscale   Philadelphus species Mock Orange
    Buddleia davidii  Butterfly Bush   Physocarpus species Ninebark
    Caragana species  Siberian Peashrub   Pinus mugo Mugo Pine
    Caryopteris x   clandonensis  Blue Mist Spirea   Potentilla fruticosa Potentilla
    Ceratoides lanata  Winterfat   Prunus besseyi Western Sand Cherry
    Cercocarpus species Mountain-mahogany   Prunus x cistena Purple-leaf Sand Cherry
    Chamaebatiaria millefolium  Fernbush   Prunus virginiana Common Chokecherry
    Chrysothamnus nauseosus  Rabbitbrush   Quercus turbinella Shrub Live Oak
    Cotinus coggygria  Smokebush   Rhus species Sumac
    Cotoneaster species Cotoneaster   Rosa woodsii Woods Rose
    Cowania mexicana  Cliffrose   Salvia dorrii Dorr Sage
    Cytisus scoparius  Scotch Broom   Shepherdia argentea                                   Silver Buffaloberry
    Ephedra viridis Green  Mormon Tea   Sorbaria sorbifolia               False Spirea     
    Fallugia paradoxa  Apache Plume   Syringa vulgaris Lilac
    Forestiera neomexicana  New Mexico Privet   Viburnum lantana Wayfaring Tree
    Genista species  Spanish Broom      

    SHRUBS (Shade)
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    Holodiscus          dumosus         Mountain Spray                                                         Symphoricarpos species                    Snowberry
    Kerria japonica Japanese Kerria                              Viburnum rhytidophyllum Leather-leaf Viburnum
    Mahonia aquifolium Oregon-grape   Viburnum x rhytidophylloides Blackhawk

    PERENNIALS (Full Sun)
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    Achillea species                                            Yarrow                                                                                                          Hesperaloe parviflora             Red Yucca              
    Aethionema                       
    schistosum
    Stonecress                           Hymenoxys aucalis                    Hymenoxys/Perky Sue
    Agastache species
    except foeniculum 
    Hyssop/Agastache   Iberis sempervirens Candytuft
    Allium species Ornamental Allium             
    (onion)
      Iris, Bearded hybrids Bearded Iris
    Amsonia
    tabernaemontana
    Blue Star   Kniphofia uvaria Red Hot Poker
    Anacyclus depressus Mount Atlas Daisy   Lavandula angustifolia Lavender
    Anaphalis margaritacea Pearly Everlasting   Leucojum aestivum Snowflake
    Antennaria species Pussy Toes   Liatris spicata Liatris/Gayfeather
    Arabis caucasica Rock Cress   Limonium latifolium Sea Lavender
    Armeria maritime Sea Pinks/Thrift   Linum species Flax
    Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Weed   Melampodium leucanthum Blackfoot Daisy
    Aster species Aster   Mirabilis multiflora Desert Four O’Clock
    Astragalus utahensis Utah Lady Finger   Narcissus species Daffodils/Narcissus
    Aubrieta deltoidea Aubrieta   Nepeta x faassenii Catmint
    Aurinia saxatilis Basket-of-Gold   Oenothera macrocarpa,
    pallida,
    and caespitosa
    Evening Primrose
    Baileya multiradiata Desert Marigold   Origanum species Oregano
    Ballota pseudodictamnus Horehound   Papaver orientale Oriental Poppy
    Berlandiera lyrata Chocolate Flower   Penstemon species Penstemon
    Brodiaea species Brodiaea   Perovskia atriplicifolia Russian Sage
    Callirhoe involucrata Poppy Mallow/
    Wine Cups
      Phlomis species Jerusalem Sage
    Calylophus species Sundrops   Potentilla species Cinquefoil
    Catananche caerulea Cupid’s Dart   Psilostrophe tagetina Paper Flower
    Centranthus rubber Jupiter’s Beard/
    Red  Vlerian
      Pulsatilla vulgaris Pasque Flower
    Colchicum autumnale Autumn Crocus   Ratibida columnifera Mexican Hat
    Coreopsis verticillata Thread-leaf Coreopsis   Salvia species Sage/Salvia
    Crocus species Crocus   Santolina species Santolina/Lavender
    Cotton
    Delosperma species  Ice Plant   Scabiosa caucasica Pincushion Flower
    Dianthus x allwoodii,
    deltoides, gratianopolitanus,
    and plumaris
    Dianthus/Pinks   Sedum species Sedum/Stonecrop
    Diascia integerrima Twinspurs   Sempervivum tectorum Hens and Chicks
    Dictamus albus Gas Plant   Sphaeralcea species Globemallow
    Echinops ritro Globe Thistle   Teucrium chamaedrys Germander
    Erigeron species Fleabane   Thymus species Thyme
    Eriogonum species Buckwheat   Tithonia rotundifolia Mexican Sunflower
    Erygium amethystinum Sea Holly   Tulipa species Tulips
    Gaillardia species Blanket Flower   Veronica spicata Spike Speedwell
    Veronica
    Gaura lindheimeri Gaura   Viguiera multiflora Showy Goldeneye
    Gypsophila paniculata Baby’s Breath   Yucca filamentosa Yucca/Adam’s
    Needle
    Helenium hoopesii Helen’s Flower/Sneezeweed   Zauschneria species Zauschneria/Hummingbird
    Flower
    Helianthemum nummularium Sunrose   Zinnia grandiflora Desert Zinnia
    Hemerocallis x hybrids Daylilies   Zizophora clinopodioides Blue Mint Bush

    closeup of pink agastache floweryellow desert marigold flowers

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     


     

     


    PERENNIALS (Shade)
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    Aquilegia species                                            Columbine                                                                                          Geranium endressii, sanguineum,
    and viscossissimum
    Geranium/Cranesbill                                 
    Bergenia cordifolia Bergenia   Heuchera species Coral Bells
    Corydalis lutea Yellow Corydalis   Smilacina racemosa False Solomon Seal
    Epimedium species Barrenwort/ Epimedium      

    ORNAMENTAL GRASSES (Full Sun)

    Andropogon gerardii                     Big Bluestem                                                             Helictotrichon 
    sempervirens
    Blue Oat Grass                        
    Aristida purpurea                    Threeawn Grass   Miscanthus sinensis Maiden Grass
    Bouteloua curtipendula Side Oats Grama
    Grass
      Oryzopsis hymenoides Indian Rice Grass
    Bouteloua gracilis Blue Grama Grass   Panicum virgatum Switch Grass
    Calamagrostis acutiflora Feather Reed Grass   Schizachyrium scoparium Little Bluestem
    Elymus cinereus Great Basin Wildrye   Sorghastrum nutans Indian Grass
    Erianthus ravennae Ravenna Grass   Stipa comata Needle and Thread Grass
    Festuca ovina glauca Blue Fescue   Stipa tenuissima Mexican Grass

    ORNAMENTAL GRASSES (Shade)

    Dechampsia                   caespitosa   Tufted Hair Grass                                                              Molina caerulea                          Purple Moor Grass                   
    Antennaria species                                                Pussy Toes                                                                                                    Phlox subulata                                              Creeping Phlox                                      
    Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Kinnikinnick   Sedum species Sedum
    Buchloe dactyloides Buffalograss   Stachys byzantina Lamb’s Ear
    Cerastium tomentosum Snow-in-Summer   Teucrium chamaedrys Germander
    Helianthemum nummularium Sun Rose   Thymus species Thyme
    Hypericum calycinum/ reptans St. Johnswort   Veronica liwanensis Turkish Veronica
    Juniperus horizontalis Horizontal Juniper   Veronica rupestris/prostata Creeping Veronica
    Mahonia repens Creeping Mahonia      

    blue grama grass with 'eyelash' flowers


    VINES
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    Campsis radicans   Trumpet Vine             Polygonum aubertii Silverlace Vine
    Clematis tangutica Clematis   Wisteria species Wisteria

     


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